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g721.cpp

/*
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 * SUN MICROSYSTEMS, INC. SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY WITH RESPECT TO THE
 * INFRINGEMENT OF COPYRIGHTS, TRADE SECRETS OR ANY PATENTS BY THIS SOFTWARE
 * OR ANY PART THEREOF.
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 * In no event will Sun Microsystems, Inc. be liable for any lost revenue
 * or profits or other special, indirect and consequential damages, even if
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 * Sun Microsystems, Inc.
 * 2550 Garcia Avenue
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 */

#include "wx/wxprec.h"

/*
 * g721.c
 *
 * Description:
 *
 * g721_encoder(), g721_decoder()
 *
 * These routines comprise an implementation of the CCITT G.721 ADPCM
 * coding algorithm.  Essentially, this implementation is identical to
 * the bit level description except for a few deviations which
 * take advantage of work station attributes, such as hardware 2's
 * complement arithmetic and large memory.  Specifically, certain time
 * consuming operations such as multiplications are replaced
 * with lookup tables and software 2's complement operations are
 * replaced with hardware 2's complement.
 *
 * The deviation from the bit level specification (lookup tables)
 * preserves the bit level performance specifications.
 *
 * As outlined in the G.721 Recommendation, the algorithm is broken
 * down into modules.  Each section of code below is preceded by
 * the name of the module which it is implementing.
 *
 */
#include "wx/mmedia/internal/g72x.h"

static short qtab_721[7] = {-124, 80, 178, 246, 300, 349, 400};
/*
 * Maps G.721 code word to reconstructed scale factor normalized log
 * magnitude values.
 */
static short      _dqlntab[16] = {-2048, 4, 135, 213, 273, 323, 373, 425,
                        425, 373, 323, 273, 213, 135, 4, -2048};

/* Maps G.721 code word to log of scale factor multiplier. */
static short      _witab[16] = {-12, 18, 41, 64, 112, 198, 355, 1122,
                        1122, 355, 198, 112, 64, 41, 18, -12};
/*
 * Maps G.721 code words to a set of values whose long and short
 * term averages are computed and then compared to give an indication
 * how stationary (steady state) the signal is.
 */
static short      _fitab[16] = {0, 0, 0, 0x200, 0x200, 0x200, 0x600, 0xE00,
                        0xE00, 0x600, 0x200, 0x200, 0x200, 0, 0, 0};

/*
 * g721_encoder()
 *
 * Encodes the input vale of linear PCM, A-law or u-law data sl and returns
 * the resulting code. -1 is returned for unknown input coding value.
 */
int
g721_encoder(
      int         sl,
      int         in_coding,
      struct g72x_state *state_ptr)
{
      short       sezi, se, sez;          /* ACCUM */
      short       d;                /* SUBTA */
      short       sr;               /* ADDB */
      short       y;                /* MIX */
      short       dqsez;                  /* ADDC */
      short       dq, i;

      switch (in_coding) {    /* linearize input sample to 14-bit PCM */
      case AUDIO_ENCODING_ALAW:
            sl = alaw2linear(sl) >> 2;
            break;
      case AUDIO_ENCODING_ULAW:
            sl = ulaw2linear(sl) >> 2;
            break;
      case AUDIO_ENCODING_LINEAR:
            sl = ((short)sl) >> 2;        /* 14-bit dynamic range */
            break;
      default:
            return (-1);
      }

      sezi = predictor_zero(state_ptr);
      sez = sezi >> 1;
      se = (sezi + predictor_pole(state_ptr)) >> 1;   /* estimated signal */

      d = sl - se;                        /* estimation difference */

      /* quantize the prediction difference */
      y = step_size(state_ptr);           /* quantizer step size */
      i = quantize(d, y, qtab_721, 7);    /* i = ADPCM code */

      dq = reconstruct(i & 8, _dqlntab[i], y);  /* quantized est diff */

      sr = (dq < 0) ? se - (dq & 0x3FFF) : se + dq;   /* reconst. signal */

      dqsez = sr + sez - se;              /* pole prediction diff. */

      update(4, y, _witab[i] << 5, _fitab[i], dq, sr, dqsez, state_ptr);

      return (i);
}

/*
 * g721_decoder()
 *
 * Description:
 *
 * Decodes a 4-bit code of G.721 encoded data of i and
 * returns the resulting linear PCM, A-law or u-law value.
 * return -1 for unknown out_coding value.
 */
int
g721_decoder(
      int         i,
      int         out_coding,
      struct g72x_state *state_ptr)
{
      short       sezi, sei, sez, se;     /* ACCUM */
      short       y;                /* MIX */
      short       sr;               /* ADDB */
      short       dq;
      short       dqsez;

      i &= 0x0f;              /* mask to get proper bits */
      sezi = predictor_zero(state_ptr);
      sez = sezi >> 1;
      sei = sezi + predictor_pole(state_ptr);
      se = sei >> 1;                /* se = estimated signal */

      y = step_size(state_ptr);     /* dynamic quantizer step size */

      dq = reconstruct(i & 0x08, _dqlntab[i], y); /* quantized diff. */

      sr = (dq < 0) ? (se - (dq & 0x3FFF)) : se + dq; /* reconst. signal */

      dqsez = sr - se + sez;              /* pole prediction diff. */

      update(4, y, _witab[i] << 5, _fitab[i], dq, sr, dqsez, state_ptr);

      switch (out_coding) {
      case AUDIO_ENCODING_ALAW:
            return (tandem_adjust_alaw(sr, se, y, i, 8, qtab_721));
      case AUDIO_ENCODING_ULAW:
            return (tandem_adjust_ulaw(sr, se, y, i, 8, qtab_721));
      case AUDIO_ENCODING_LINEAR:
            return (sr << 2); /* sr was 14-bit dynamic range */
      default:
            return (-1);
      }
}

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